CNC加工:增加不牺牲安全性的5种方法

Revolutionized
By Emily Newton, Editor in Chief, Revolutionized
2021年7月7日,星期三


CNC加工:增加不牺牲安全性的5种方法

使用计算机数值控制(CNC)设备在机械车间中提高了输出,因为关联的过程通过计算机编程功能而不是通过操作员的手动步骤完全通过。即便如此,仍在进行提高效率的持续步骤。以下是五种方法,而没有将人们的安全置于不必要的风险中。

1.使用合适的工具来工作

一些机械车间运营商犯了购买最便宜的CNC工具的昂贵错误,然后更改它们以在其预期目的之外执行。他们认为,这种改动将使效率水平保持较高,而无需他们进行适当的升级。但是,这种方法会导致事故和其他意外后果,例如浪费的材料。安全经理应提醒商店员工永远不会以超越制造商规格的方式使用CNC机器,即使最初这样做似乎是一种实现更好生产率的方法。

2. Bring connected sensors to the process

The ‘Industrial Internet of Things’ has proved crucial for helping professionals in various industries increase efficiency while keeping safety levels high. For example, smart sensors can spot abnormalities that humans may miss. Additionally, smart sensors also unlock possibilities in machine-to-machine communication. If a machine shop automates parts of the process, such ashandling finished pieces, efficiency levels stay high while injury instances remain low despite the higher output potential.

3.考虑获得质量标准认证

Focusing on maintaining high quality in a CNC machine shop tends to have positive effects on safety, too. For example, if a machine shop gets ISO 9000 certified,more accountability and improved process standardisationare among the benefits. Certain industries also have specific ISO standards to follow. For example, AS9100 is for the aerospace industry. It encompasses the ISO 9000 stipulations, plusadditional quality and safety requirements.

Components of the ISO 9000 standard encourage companies to measure improvements, enable open discussions about problems and evaluate the individual performance of employees. Together, priorities like these can make CNC machining safer and more efficient. Getting certified is not the only way to improve safety, of course. However, it can give company leaders more direction as they make organisations more resilient.

4. Focus on continuous improvement

随着时间的推移,坚持相同的过程并不总是保持效率或安全性的最佳方法。例如,一家公司最初可能具有反应性维护策略,这意味着人们只有一旦出现问题就倾向于机器。但是,使用实时的预防方法可以为设备提供更多正常运行时间while emphasising safety. Prioritising continuous improvements is an excellent way for company leaders to see what’s working well or requires more attention.

在Levy的机器工程中,管理人员投资了持续的改进,带来了15–20%的收入提升and cutting operational losses by almost 11%. Ongoing audits look at almost 75 aspects of the workflow, keeping everyone more aware of the need to maintain safe practices and identify environmental dangers. For example, company leaders realised that randomly placed drill holes created slipping hazards when material escaped from the spill tray. Using a drill template for the barrels tackled that problem while reducing annual losses.

5. Know when to increase investment in a particular machine

Thorough maintenance strategies go a long way in keeping CNC machines safe and performing well. However, it’s not always sufficient to keep repairing one, especially if it’s old or has a history of safety issues. In such cases, safety managers must decide when to take more extensive action. For example, retrofitting a CNC machine with a newer control可以使其更容易编程总体上更加用户友好。较旧的CNC机器也可能构成其他安全危害。

Most newer models have door safety features that don’t allow people to reach inside until the machine stops running. However, older equipment often has locks that are easy to override, defeating the purpose of putting them on a machine at all. Another option is to repurpose a machine to make it fit a different need. People who choose this route should always get professional guidance. Trying to repurpose a machine with the sole goal of cutting costs raises the risk of accidents.

欢迎工人反馈

在保持安全性的同时,使CNC加工更有效,这应该是持续的努力,而不是领导者迅速解决突然出现明显问题的事情。当员工看到安全实践是工作场所运营的基本要素时,他们更有可能遵守所有规则,而不会采取任何可能使它们处于较高风险的捷径。

除了考虑这五个技巧外,安全经理还应与工人进行定期对话。询问他们发现他们发现的任何危险或不断挫败他们的效率低下,可能会阐明其他问题领域的目标。当工人在讨论有关实现安全性和高产量的讨论中感到有消息时,他们会更愿意为如何减少事故的同时提高生产率而做出想法。

Image credit: ©stock.adobe.com/au/Quality Stock Arts

相关文章

道路友好的空气悬架:预防性维护清单

This timely checklist for heavy vehicles is designed to keep road-friendly air suspension working...

The rise of the cordless machines: safety benefits of a new generation of tools

具有高安全重点行业的公司(例如采矿)正在拥抱...

声纳:浮出水面的时间

Smarter sensors and better software, delivering increased performance and management...


Baidu